Mənim #dəftərlərim

Salam əziz oxucular. Artıq beş ilə yaxındır ki, universitet partaları ilə vidalaşmağımıza baxmayaraq, üzərində yazdığımız dəftərləri bir çoxlarımız saxlamış olmalı. Mən də öz kiçik ev kitabxanamda həmən dəftərləri tapdım. İstərdim ki həmən dəftərlərdə yazılan məlamutlarla  paylaşım. Saytımızda və Twitter səhifəmizdə bu paylaşımlarımı #dəftərlərim adlı həştəqlə izləyə bilərsiniz.

İlk olaraq 2010-cu il üçün Sinxron Tərcümə ixtisası üzrə dövlət imtahanı fənləri və suallarını paylaşmaq istərdim:

I Lexicology

  1. The main problems of Lexicology.
  2. Affixation
  3. Words and its meaning
  4. Polysemy
  5. Suffixes
  6. Preffixes
  7. Classification of suffixes and preffixes
  8. Conversion
  9. Shortening of words
  10. Types of shortening
  11. Neologisms and archaisms
  12.  International words
  13. Semantic ways of enriching of English vocabulary
  14. Direct or nominative meaning of word
  15. Metaphora
  16. Metanomy
  17. Polysemy and homonyms
  18. Homonyms and their types
  19. Synonyms
  20. Antonyms
  21. Set-expressions
  22. Standard and substandard English
  23. Lexicography
  24. Borrowings
  25. Word compositions

II Stylistics

  1. General notes on style and stylistics
  2. Varieties of language
  3. Expressive means and stylistic Devices
  4. General notes on Functional styles of language
  5. Meaning from a stylistic point of view
  6. Stylistic classification of the English vocabulary
  7. Neutral, common literary and common colloqual vocabulary
  8. Phonetic Expressive means and Stylistic Devices: Onomatopoeia, Alliteration
  9. Phonetic Expressive means and Stylistic Devices: Rhyme, Rhythm
  10. Stylistic use of structural meaning (Rhetorica, Litotes)
  11. Functional styles of English language
  12. Lexical Expressive means and stylistic devices: Metaphor
  13. Lexical Expressive means and stylistic devices: Metonomy
  14. Lexical Expressive means and stylistic devices: Irony
  15. Simile and Ordinary Comparison
  16. Repetition. The type of repetitions
  17. Vulgar words or vulgarisms
  18. Special colloqual ocabulary: Jargonisms
  19. Literary coinages
  20. Specia literary vocabulary: Barbarisms and Foreignisms
  21. Special Colloqual Vocabulary: Slang
  22. Interaction of logical and emotive meanings: Epitet
  23. Functional styles of the English language: Publicistic Style
  24. Special colloqual vocabulary: Professionalisms and Dialectal words
  25. Functional styles of the english language: the belles-lettres style

III The theory of translation

  1. History of translation, its backgrounds
  2. Antonymous translation method
  3. Some grammatical problems of translation
  4. The role of translation in the development of human culture
  5. History of automatic machine translation
  6. Some phraseological problems of translation
  7. The basic methods of translation
  8. Lexical problems of translation
  9. Oral and writting forms of translation
  10. Transliteration method in rendering realias
  11. Traditional and machine translation
  12. Translation of terms and international words
  13. Objectives of the translation theory
  14. Translator’s “false friends” and how to handle them
  15. Some notions about the simultaneous translation
  16. Word for word and the literal translation methods
  17. Different forms of oral translation (consecutive, simultaneous)
  18. Descriptive translation method
  19. Aspects of the translation process
  20. Equivalency in translation
  21. Simultaneous translation as type of proffessional activity
  22. Definition of translation and its objectives
  23. Translation and its place among other linguistic subjects
  24. Psycholinguistics problems of simultaneous translation
  25. Stylistic problems in translation

IV The Theoretical Phonetics

  1. The phoneme theory and definition of phoneme
  2. Aspects of speech sounds (articulation aspect)
  3. Methods of phonetic investigation
  4. The nature of English word stress
  5. The acoustic aspect of spech sound
  6. Types of word stress in English
  7. Intonation and its definition
  8. Components of intonation
  9. Word stress and utterance stress
  10. Types of English pronuncation in GB
  11. The syllable and Syllabic structure of English
  12. Different theories of syllable formation: expiratory-chest-pulse
  13. Different theories of syllable formation: relative sonority theory
  14. Components of the phonetic system of English
  15. Phonetics an phonology
  16. The principles of vowel and consonant formation
  17. Prosody and intonation, their distinctions
  18. Units of prosody
  19. Subdivisions of phonetics: general and special phonetics
  20. Practical application of phonetics
  21. Major distictions between British English and American English (within vowel phonemes)
  22.  Major distictions between British English and American English (within consonants)
  23. English in America: types of American English pronuncation
  24. Articularity analysis of English vowel phonemes
  25. The place and degrees of word stress in English

V Grammar

  1. Grammar and other branches of linguistics
  2. Basic divisions in Grammar: Morphology and Syntax
  3. Basic grammatical notions: grammatical form, grammatical meaning and grammatical category
  4. The sentence, its classification; its meaning and structure
  5. The noun, its grammatical categories
  6. The pronoun, its grammatical categories
  7. Basic morphological units: morpheme and word
  8. The adverb, its classification
  9. The adjective, its morphological characteristics
  10. The verb, its classification
  11. Syntax, the prase, its types
  12. The conjunctions, its classification
  13. The category of mood
  14. The prepositions and their classification
  15. The composite-compound sentence
  16. The composite-complex sentence
  17. Parts of speech and the criteria applied in discriminating parts of speech
  18. Types of sentence according to their structure
  19. The verb, its grammatical categories
  20. Syntactical relations between the components of the phrase
  21. The classification of the sentence according to its communicative type
  22. The verb, its grammatical categories; tense, aspect
  23. The principal parts of the sentence
  24. The secondary parts of sentence (the object, the attribute)
  25. The grammatical categories of noun (case, number)

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  • TRANSLATION into English
  • TRANSLATION from English
  • 25 TOPICS

# Dəftərlərim

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