[:az]Essential Idioms in English Lesson 6[:]

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to hang out: to spend time, usually being idle or unproductive

  • Luka likes to hang out and play video games with his friends.
  • I spent all weekend hanging out at home. I didn’t do anything exciting.

to hang up: to place clothes on a hook ot hanger (S); to replace the receiver on the phone at the end of a  conversation (S)

  • Would you like me to hang up your coat for you in the closet?
  • The operator told me hang the phone up and call the number again.

to count on: to trust someone in time of need (also: to depend on)

  • I can count on my parents to help me in an emergency.
  • Don’t depend on Frank to lend you any money: he doesn’t have any.

to make friends: to become friendly with others

  • Patricia is a shy girl and doesn’t make friends  easily.
  • During rhe cruise Ronald made friends with almost everyone on the ship.

out of order: not in working  condition

  • The elevator was out of order, so we had to walk to the tenth floor of the building.
  • We couldn’t use the soft drink machine because it was out of order.

to get to: to be able to do something special; to arrive at a place, such as home ,work, etc.

For  the second definition, do not use  the preposition to with  the words home or there.

  • The children got to stay up late and watch a good   movie for the family.

to look over: to examine, to inspect closely (also: to go over, to read over, to check over)

Go over is different from the other forms because it is not separable.

  •  I want to look my homework over again  before I give it to the teacher.
  • The politician went over his speech before the important presentation.
  • You should never sign any legal paper without checking it over first.

to have ( time) off: to have free time, not to have to work (also: to take time off (S))

The related form (S) to take time off is used  when  someone makes a decision to have free time,  usually to go on vacation   or  to relax.

  • Every morning the company workers have time off for a coffe break .
  • Several workers took the afternoon off to go to a  baseball game.

to go on: to happen ; to resume, to continue (also: to keep on)

  • Many people gathered near the accident  to see what was going on.
  • The moderator tried to interrupt him,  he went on for another  ten minutes.
  • The  speaker kept on talking  even though most of the audience had left. 

to put out: to extinguish

  • No smoking is allowed in here. Please put out your cigarette.
  • The fire fighteers worked hard to put the brush fire out.

all of a sudden: suddenly, without warning

  • All of a sudden Ed appeared at the door. We weren’t expecting him to drop by.

ahead of time: before a scheduled time or event

  • I knew ahead of time that Craig was coming  to denner, so  I cooked extra food.
  • If you take time off of work, you should tell your boss ahead of time.

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