Essential Idioms in English

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to get in\ to get on: to enter or to board a vehicle

    • To get in is used for cars; to get on is used for all other forms of transportation.
  1. It’s easiest to get in the car from the driver’s side. The door on the other side doesn’t work well
  2. I always get on the bus to work at 34th Street.

to get out  of \to get off: to leave or to descend from a vehicle

  • To  get out of is used for cars: to get off is used for all other forms of transportation.
  • Why don’t we stop and get out of the car for a while?
  • Helen got  off the  train at the 42nd Street terminal

to put on: to place on oneself (usually said of clothes) (S)

Mary put on her coat and left the room.

Put your hat on before you leave the house.

to take off: to remove (usually said of clothes) (S)

  • John took off his jacket as he entered  the office.
  • Rare your sweater off. The room is very warm.

to turn on: to start or cause to funcrion (also: to switch on) (S)

  • Please turn on the light: it’s too dark in here
  • Do you know who turned the air conditioning on?

to turn off: to cause to stop functioning (also: to switch off, to shut off) (S)

  • Turn on and turn off, as well as their related forms, are used for things that flow, such as electricity, water, gas, ets.
  • Please turn off the light when you leave the room.
  • Are you really listening to the radio, or should I turn it off?

right away:  very soon: immediately ( also: at once)

  • Dad says that dinner will be ready right away, so we’d better wash our hands and set the table.
  • Tell Will to come to  my office right away. I must see him immediately.
  • Stop playing that loud  music at once!

to pick up: to lift with one’s fingers or hands (S); to retrieve or collect (S): to lern (S)

  • Harry picked  up the newspaper that was on the front doorstep.
  • Lucia was so busy that she forgot to pick her son up from school.
  • Margot picks up math easily, but she is not g0od at reading.

sooner or later: eventually, after a period of time.

  • If you study English seriously, sooner or later you’ll become fluent.
  • I’m too tired to do my homework now; I’m sure I’ll do it sooner or later.

to get up: to arise, to rise from a bed; to make someone arise(S)

For the last definition a noun phrase must separate the verb and particle.

  • Carla gets up  at seven o’clock every morning.
  • At what time should we get the children up tomorrow?

to come up with: to find, to  discover.

  • After worrying for days, I finally came up with a solution to my problem.
  • Even though Kwan doesn’t have a job, he always comes up with enough money to pay his bills.

at first: in the beginning, originally

  • At first English was difficult for him, but latter he made great progress.
  • I thought at first that it was Sheila calling, but then I realized that it was Beth.

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