Lesson 7 Essential Idioms

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to point out: to show, to indicate, to bring to one’s attention

  • what important buildings did the tour guide point out to you?
  • The teacher pointed out the mistakes in my composition.
  • A friend pointed the famous actor out to me.

to be up: to expire, to be finished

This idiom is used only with the word time as the subject.

  • “The time is up”, the tennis court because our hour is up; some other people want to use it now.

to be over: to be finished, to end (also: to be through)

This idiom is used for activities and events.

  • After the dance was over, we all went to a restaurant.
  • The meeting was through ten minutes earlier than everyone expected.

on time: exactly at the correct time, punctually

  • In thought that Margaret would arrive late, but she was right on time.
  • Did you getb to work on time this morning, or did rush hour traffic delay you?

in time to: before the time necessary to do something

  • We entered the theater just in time to see the beginning of the  movie.
  • The truck was not able to stop in time to prevent an accident.

to get better, worse, etc: to beccome better, worse, ets.

This idiom is often used with adjectives such as any and much.

  • Heather has been sick for a month, but now she is getting better.
  • I hope the economy doesn’t get any worse than it is now.

to get sick, well, tired, busy, wet, etc: to become sick, well, tired, busy, wet, etc.

This idiom consistsn of a combination of get  and various adjectives.

  • Ilhan got sick last week and has been in bed since that time.
  • Every afternoon I get very hungry, so I eata snack.

had better: should, ought to, be advisable to

This idiom is most often used in contracted form

  • I think you’d better speak to Mr. White right away about this matter.
  • The doctor told the patient that he’d better go home and rest.

would rather: prefer to

  • Would you rather have the appointment this Friday or next Monday?
  • I would just as soon go for a walk as watch TV right now.

to call it a day\ night: to stop working for the rest of the day\night

  • Ian tried to  repair his car engine all morning before he called it a day  and  went fishing.

to figure out: to solve, to find a solution; to understand

  • Ho long did  it take you to figure out the answer to the math problem?
  • I was never able to figure it out.

to think of ; to have a ( good or bad) opinion of

This idiom is often used in the negative  or with  adjectives such as much and highly.

  • I don’t think much of him as a baseball player; he’s a slow runner and a poor hitter.
  • James thinks highly of his new boss, who is a kind and helpful person.

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