Essential idioms in English. Lesson 9

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to wake up:  to arise from sleep, to awaken (S) Compare wake up and get up as used in the first example.

  • Maggie wore up this morning very early, but she did not get up until about tern o’clock.
  • My alarm clock wares me up at the same time every day.

to be in charge of: to manage, to have resposibility for

  • Jane is in charge of the office while Mrs. Haig is on a business trip.
  • Who is in charge of arrangements for the dance next week?

as soon as: just after, when

  • As soon as it started to snow, the children ran outside with big smiles on their faces.
  • I’m busy now, but I’ll meet you as soon as I’ve finished this work.

to have a good time: to enjoy oneself

  • We all had a good time at the class reunion last night.
  • Did you  have a good time at the park? I really enjoyed it.

in no time: very quickly, rapidly

  • This idiom can be used with the idiom at all to add empahasis to  the certainty of the ststement.
  • Mac said that he’d be ready to leave in no time.
  • We thought that the meeting  would take two hours, but it was over in no time at all.

to cut down on: to reduce, to leesen (also: to cut back on)

  • In order to lose weight, you have to cut down on your intake of sugar.
  • The doctor told me to cut back on exercise until my back injury heals.

to crack down on: to enforce or punish strictly

  • The school has started to crack down on smoking. Students who smoke on campus will be suspended.
  • Maura is finally cracking down on her son and making him help with the housework.

quite a few many

  • We  did not expect many people to attend the affair, but quite a few of our friends actually came.

used to: formerly did, had the habit of

This idiom is used to indicate a post situation, action, or habit that does not exist in the present. The idioms is always followed by  verb form.

  •  I used to live in New York, but I moved to California two years ago.

to be used to: be accustomed to

This idiom refers to a situation, action, or habit that continues in the present. The odiom is always followed by a noun or gerund phrase.

He is used to this climate  now, so the changes in temperature do not affect him much.

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