The definite article. Перед нарицательными существительными.

Перед нарицательными существительным, обозначающим конкретный предмет,  о котором даются или выясняются дополнительные сведения. The flat is quite large and comfortable. Where is the book? – Квартира довольно большая и удобная….

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Conjunctions are used to express a connection between words. The most familiar conjunctions are and, but, and or: Paul and David cold and wet tired but happy slowly but surely…

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Prepositions cannot be distinguished by any formal features. A list of prepositions will illustrate this point: across, after, at, before, by, during, from, in, into, of, on, to, under, with,…

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Additives, Exclusives, and Particularizers

Additives “add” two or more items together, emphasizing that they are all to be considered equal: [1] Lynn’s prewar success had been as a light historical novelist; he employed similar…

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Circumstantial Adverbs

Many adverbs convey information about the manner, time, or place of an event or action. MANNER adverbs tell us how an action is or should be performed: She sang loudly…

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Adverbs and Adjectives

Adverbs and adjectives have important characteristics in common — in particular their gradability, and the fact that they have comparative and superlative forms. However, an important distinguishing feature is that…

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Adverbs are used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb: [1] Mary sings beautifully [2] David is extremely clever [3] This car goes incredibly fast In [1], the…

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The Ordering of Adjectives

When two or more adjectives come before a noun, their relative order is fixed to a certain degree. This means, for instance, that while complex mathematical studies is grammatically acceptable,…

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Participial Adjectives

We saw in an earlier section that many adjectives can be identified by their endings. Another major subclass of adjectives can also be formally distinguished by endings, this time by…

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Adjectives and Nouns

We have seen that attributive adjectives occur before a noun which they modify, for example, red in red car. We need to distinguish these clearly from nouns which occur in…

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